Main content area

Duddingtonia flagrans formulated in rice bran in the control of Oesophagostomum spp. intestinal parasite of swine

Facchini Rodrigues, João Victor, Braga, Fabio Ribeiro, Campos, Artur Kanadani, de Carvalho, Lorendane Millena, Araujo, Juliana Milani, Aguiar, Anderson Rocha, Ferraz, Carolina Magri, da Silveira, Wendeo Ferreira, Valadão, Marisa Caixeta, de Oliveira, Thais, de Freitas, Samuel Galvão, de Araújo, Jackson Victor
Experimental parasitology 2018 v.184 pp. 11-15
Oesophagostomum, eggs, feces, fungi, gastrointestinal system, larvae, parasites, predation, rice bran, swine, viability
Three experimental assays with Duddingtonia flagrans (isolated AC001) were carried out. The growth of the genus Duddingtonia present in formulation of rice bran, its predatory capability on Oesophagostomum spp. infective larvae (L3) in petri dishes (assay 1), its action in faecal cultures with eggs of that parasite (assay 2) and isolate's capability of predation after passing through gastrointestinal tract of swine (assay 3) was evaluated. At assay 3, feces were collected at time intervals of 12, 24, 36, 48, and 60 h after feed animals with the formulation. Assays 1 and 2 showed a statistical difference (p < 0.01) by the F test when comparing the treated group with the control group. At the both assays, was observed in the treated group a reduction percentage of 74.18% and 88.38%, respectively. In assay 3, there was a statistical difference between the treated group and the control group at all collection times (p < 0.01). Regarding the collection periods, there was no statistical difference over time in the treatment group (p > 0.05). The results demonstrate that the fungal isolate AC001 formulated in rice bran can prey on L3 of Oesophagostomum spp., in vitro and after passing through the gastrointestinal tract, without loss of viability. This isolate may be an alternative in the control of Oesophagostomum spp. in swine.