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A review on moringa tree and vetiver grass – Potential biorefinery feedstocks
- Raman, Jegannathan Kenthorai, Alves, Catarina M., Gnansounou, Edgard
- Bioresource technology 2018 v.249 pp. 1044-1051
- Chrysopogon zizanioides, Moringa, biodiesel, bioenergy industry, bioethanol, biogas, biomass, biorefining, coculture, cosmetics, crops, energy, feed industry, feeds, feedstocks, food industry, food security, humans, leaves, lignocellulose, nutritive value, pods, rural areas, seed oils, sustainable agriculture, therapeutics, trees
- Plants and derivatives have been explored for unlimited purposes by mankind, from crop cultivation for providing food and animal feed, to the use for cosmetics, therapeutics and energy. Moringa tree and vetiver grass features, capabilities and applications were explored through a literature review. The suitability of these plants for the bioenergy industry products is evidenced, namely for bioethanol, biogas and biodiesel, given the lignocellulosic biomass content of these plants and characteristics of moringa seed oil. In addition, moringa leaves and pods are an important source for food and animal feed industries due to their high nutrient value. Thus, the co-cultivation of moringa and vetiver could provide energy and food security, and contribute to more sustainable agricultural practices and for the development of rural areas. Policymakers, institutions and scientific community must engage to promote the cultivation of multipurpose crops to cope with energy and food industries competition for biomass.