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Protective role of biosynthesized silver nanoparticles against early blight disease in Solanum lycopersicum

Kumari, Madhuree, Pandey, Shipra, Bhattacharya, Arpita, Mishra, Aradhana, Nautiyal, C.S.
Plant physiology and biochemistry 2017 v.121 pp. 216-225
Alternaria solani, Solanum lycopersicum, beta-glucosidase, biotic stress, blight, carbon, chlorophyll, disease control, foliar spraying, fungal diseases of plants, fungal spores, lipid peroxidation, nanoparticles, nanosilver, photosynthesis, plant pathogenic fungi, proline, protective effect, soil enzymes, soil pH, superoxide dismutase, tomatoes, urease
Tomato suffers a huge loss every year because of early blight disease. This study focuses on efficient inhibition of Alternaria solani, the causative agent of early blight disease in tomato in vitro and in vivo. Foliar spray of 5 μg/mL of biosynthesized silver nanoparticles in A. solani infected plants resulted in significant increase of 32.58% in fresh weight and 23.52% in total chlorophyll content of tomato as compared to A. solani infected plants. A decrease of 48.57, 30, 39.59 and 28.57% was observed in fungal spore count, lipid peroxidation, proline content and superoxide dismutase respectively in infected tomato plants after treatment with synthesized silver nanoparticles as compared to A. solani infected plants. No significant variation in terms of soil pH, cultured population, carbon source utilization pattern and soil enzymes including dehydrogenase, urease, protenase and β-glucosidase was observed after foliar spray of nanoparticles. It was revealed that direct killing of pathogens, increased photosynthetic efficiencies, increased plant resistance and decrease in stress parameters and stress enzymes are the mechanisms employed by plants and nanoparticles simultaneously to combat the biotic stress. Biosynthesized silver nanoparticles bear the potential to revolutionize plant disease management, though the molecular aspects of increased resistance must be looked upon.