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Novel and rare prenyllipids – Occurrence and biological activity
- Szymańska, Renata, Kruk, Jerzy
- Plant physiology and biochemistry 2018 v.122 pp. 1-9
- acids, bioactive properties, biosynthesis, cosmetics, fatty acid esters, hydroquinone, medicine, phosphates, ubiquinones
- The data presented indicate that there is a variety of unique prenyllipids, often of very limited taxonomic distribution, whose origin, biosynthesis, metabolism and biological function deserves to be elucidated. These compounds include tocoenols, tocochromanol esters, tocochromanol acids, plastoquinones and ubiquinones. Additionally, based on the available data, it can be assumed that there are still unrecognized prenyllipids, like prenylquinols fatty acid esters of the hydroquinone ring, including prenylquinol phosphates, and others, whose biological function might be of great importance. Our knowledge of these compounds is not only important from the scientific point of view, but may also be of practical significance to medicine, pharmacy or cosmetics.