PubAg

Main content area

Effects of a daily three‐meal pattern with different dietary protein contents on pig growth performance, carcass and muscle quality traits

Author:
Wu, Xin, Xie, Chunyan, Long, Cimin, Li, Jun, Zhou, Xihong, Fan, Zhiyong, Blachier, Francois, Yin, Yulong
Source:
Journal of the science of food and agriculture 2018 v.98 no.1 pp. 415-421
ISSN:
0022-5142
Subject:
average daily gain, carcass weight, dietary protein, drip loss, feed prices, feeds, growth performance, longissimus muscle, meat quality, protein content, slaughter weight, swine
Abstract:
BACKGROUND: Recent research related to phase‐feeding programmes for pig nutrition do not always account for the variation among individuals, and feeds are usually formulated to optimise the performance of the whole pig population. This study aimed at measuring the effects of a daily three‐meal pattern with different dietary protein contents on pig growth performance, carcass and muscle quality traits. RESULTS: The results showed that compared with the 3C treatment, average daily gain (ADG) of pigs in the HCL treatment increased by 14.75% (P < 0.05) during period 1. The carcass weight (P = 0.006) and slaughter weight (P = 0.021) in the HCL group increased when compared with those in the 3C and LCH treatments. Moreover, the LCH feeding sequences contributed to reduce the drip loss in longissimus dorsi (LD) muscle (P < 0.05) when compared with the 3C treatment. The HCL or LCH feeding sequence contributed to increase the meat quality when compared with those receiving the 3C treatment. CONCLUSION: Collectively, our results indicate that feeding high protein meal in the morning and a gradual reduction of the protein content in meals over the day may improve muscle quality characteristics, maximise performance, and reduce the pig feed cost. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry
Agid:
5863216