Main content area

Asymmetric Syntheses of 3-Deoxy-3-aminosphingoid Bases: Approaches Based on Parallel Kinetic Resolution and Double Asymmetric Induction

Csatayová, Kristína, Davies, Stephen G., Fletcher, Ai M., Fowler, Thomas R., Kennedy, Matthew S., Roberts, Paul M., Thomson, James E.
Journal of organic chemistry 2017 v.82 no.23 pp. 12447-12466
diastereoselectivity, enantiomers, esters, lithium, organic chemistry, oxidation, serine
The asymmetric syntheses of a range of N- and O-protected 3-deoxy-3-aminosphingoid bases have been achieved using two complementary approaches. dl-Serine was converted to a racemic N,N-dibenzyl-protected γ-amino-α,β-unsaturated ester which was resolved using a parallel kinetic resolution (PKR) strategy upon reaction with a pseudoenantiomeric mixture of lithium (R)-N-benzyl-N-(α-methylbenzyl)amide and lithium (S)-N-3,4-dimethoxybenzyl-N-(α-methylbenzyl)amide, giving the corresponding enantio- and diastereoisomerically pure β,γ-diamino esters. Alternatively, elaboration of l-serine gave the corresponding enantiopure N,N-dibenzyl-protected γ-amino-α,β-unsaturated ester, and doubly diastereoselective conjugate addition of the antipodes of lithium N-benzyl-N-(α-methylbenzyl)amide was found to proceed under the dominant stereocontrol of the lithium amide reagent in both cases, thus augmenting the accessible range of β,γ-diamino esters. Both of these protocols were expanded to include in situ oxidation of the enolate formed upon conjugate addition, giving access to the corresponding α-hydroxy-β,γ-diamino esters. Elaboration of these β,γ-diamino and α-hydroxy-β,γ-diamino esters gave the protected forms of the 3-deoxy-3-aminosphingoid base targets.