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166 Paracrine Regulation of Epidermal Growth Factor-Like Factors in Oviduct Cells and its Effect on Oocyte Maturation and Subsequent Embryo Development

Lee, S. H., Setyawan, E. M. N., Lee, B. C.
Reproduction, fertility, and development 2018 v.30 no.1 pp. 222
analysis of variance, blastocyst, carbon dioxide, coculture, culture media, embryogenesis, extrusion, meiosis, oocytes, oviducts, oxygen, progesterone, progesterone receptors, research institutions, swine, veterinary medicine, zygote, Korean Peninsula
Progesterone (P4) and progesterone receptor signalling appears essential for maintenance of a proper cumulus cell expansion during the oocyte maturation by regulating the epidermal growth factor-like factors (EGF-F) related pathway during the ovulatory process. It is known that expression of EGF-F including amphiregulin (AREG), epiregulin (EREG), and betacellulin (BTC) is critical for cumulus–oocyte complex (COC) expansion and resumption of meiosis. Therefore, we hypothesised that oviduct cells might be involved in nonexclusive mechanisms of actions of P4 that in turn modulate oocyte meiosis resumption by regulating the levels of EGF-F. First, we added different concentrations of P4 (0, 0.5, 1, and 2 μgmL-1) to oviduct cell culture medium and assessed the effect of P4 on expression of AREG, EREG, and BTC in oviduct cells by immunocytochemical analysis. Then, the oviduct cells were used for co-culturing under the proper concentration of P4 with porcine oocytes. The COC were randomly cultured in 3 groups: (1) culturing without oviduct cells, (2) co-culturing with oviduct cells, and (3) co-culturing with oviduct cells treated with P4. After IVM, extrusion of the 1st polar body was observed under the microscope. To evaluate embryo development competence, the matured oocytes were activated with electrical stimulus and parthenotes were cultured in porcine zygote medium-5 for 7 days at 39°C, 5% CO2 and O2 in a humidified atmosphere. The cleavage and blastocyst formation rates were observed under the microscope to evaluate developmental competence. To count the total cell number of blastocysts, they were stained with 5 μgmL-1 of Hoechst 33342 for 10min. The data were analysed by one-way ANOVA using GraphPad Prism 5.0 (GraphPad Inc., San Diego, CA, USA). Values are means±standard error of mean (P<0.05). Significantly higher levels of EGF-F were observed in oviduct cells treated with 1 μgmL-1 progesterone. The oocyte maturation rate of co-culture group treated with P4 (80.7±1.6%) was significantly higher than that of the control (69.7±2.1%). There was a significant difference between co-culture treated with P4 and the control in cleavage rate (67.2±2.4% and 82.0±1.6%). However, no significant difference was observed between the co-culture groups. The co-culture treated with P4 group showed significantly higher rate of blastocyst formation (37.7±0.8%) and total cell number of blastocyst (72.8±1.0) than control and co-culture groups. In conclusion, co-culturing with oviduct cell treated with P4 improved oocyte maturation and subsequent embryo development. Thus, we suggested that oviduct cells induce the expression of EGF-F under the treatment of P4, which has a beneficial effect on porcine oocyte development. This research was supported by NRF-20142A1021187, Korea IPET (#316002-05-2-SB010), RDA (#PJ010928032017) and Research Institute for Veterinary Science, the BK21 plus program.