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Application of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assays for the detection of bovine herpesvirus 1

Socha, W., Rola, J., Urban-Chmiel, R., Żmudziński, J.F.
Polish journal of veterinary sciences 2017 v.20 no.3 pp. 619-622
Bovine herpesvirus 1, cattle, diagnostic sensitivity, diagnostic specificity, diagnostic techniques, financial economics, fluorescent dyes, genes, glycoproteins, industry, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, loop-mediated isothermal amplification, viruses
Bovine herpesvirus-1 (BoHV-1), a causative agent of Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR), is responsible for high economic losses in cattle farming industry. The use of testing methods that allow early detection of BoHV-1-infected animals is a key element of each program of IBR eradication. The aim of the study was to design and evaluate two variants of LAMP isothermal tests with SYBR Green fluorescence probes, specific to the genes encoding gD and gE glycoproteins of BoHV-1. LAMP gE BoHV-1 assay was able to distinguish between gE- and gE+ strains of the virus. Both LAMP gD and gE assays were specific to BoHV-1 and did not react with other related to BoHV-1 alphaherpesviruses. Sensitivity of LAMP gD was 2x104 copies of the viral genome whereas for LAMP gE it was 2x105. Diagnostic sensitivity calculated for LAMP gD was 64.7% whereas for LAMP gE it was 80%. Diagnostic specificity for LAMP gD and LAMP gE was 78.9% and 89.3%, respectively. LAMP assay can be a rapid and simple method of diagnosis of acute BoHV-1 infections and discrimination of gE- strains. However, relatively low diagnostic sensitivity of the method can limit its use in routine diagnostics.