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Redox-mediator-free degradation of sulfathiazole and tetracycline using Phanerochaete chrysosporium Part A Toxic/hazardous substances & environmental engineering
- Kwak, Jehun, Yoon, Soonuk, Mahanty, Biswanath, Kim, Chang-Gyun
- Journal of environmental science and health 2017 v.52 no.13 pp. 1211-1217
- Phanerochaete chrysosporium, antibiotics, biodegradation, enzyme activity, liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry, microbial culture, sulfathiazole
- The removal of two of the most commonly used antibiotics, tetracycline (TC) and sulfathiazole (STZ), using laccase-producing Phanerochaete chrysosporium was studied in liquid-phase batch experiments in the absence of any synthetic redox mediator. The removal of STZ and TC from single antibiotic spikes varied from 97.8% to 15.4% and 98.8% to 31%, respectively, with increasing initial doses of 10–250 mg L ⁻¹ within 14 days of incubation. The enzyme activity of P. chrysosporium was only minimally influenced by the concentrations of these antibiotics. The degradation of antibiotics initiated before an appreciable extracellular enzyme activity was noted in the fungal culture. The appearance of low-molecular weight molecular fragments from parent antibiotics in liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry confirmed the biodegradation process.