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Model-based performance and energy analyses of reverse osmosis to reuse wastewater in a PVC production site Part A Toxic/hazardous substances & environmental engineering
- Hu, Kang, Fiedler, Thorsten, Blanco, Laura, Geissen, Sven-Uwe, Zander, Simon, Prieto, David, Blanco, Angeles, Negro, Carlos, Swinnen, Nathalie
- Journal of environmental science and health 2017 v.52 no.13 pp. 1218-1225
- calcium, chlorides, desalination, energy, ions, magnesium, mass transfer, membrane bioreactors, models, permeability, potassium, reverse osmosis, sodium, specific energy, sulfates, system optimization, thermodynamics
- A pilot-scale reverse osmosis (RO) followed behind a membrane bioreactor (MBR) was developed for the desalination to reuse wastewater in a PVC production site. The solution–diffusion–film model (SDFM) based on the solution–diffusion model (SDM) and the film theory was proposed to describe rejections of electrolyte mixtures in the MBR effluent which consists of dominant ions (Na ⁺ and Cl ⁻) and several trace ions (Ca ²⁺, Mg ²⁺, K ⁺ and SO ₄²⁻). The universal global optimisation method was used to estimate the ion permeability coefficients (B) and mass transfer coefficients (K) in SDFM. Then, the membrane performance was evaluated based on the estimated parameters which demonstrated that the theoretical simulations were in line with the experimental results for the dominant ions. Moreover, an energy analysis model with the consideration of limitation imposed by the thermodynamic restriction was proposed to analyse the specific energy consumption of the pilot-scale RO system in various scenarios.