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Chemical profiling and biological properties of Neolitsea kedahense Gamble essential oils

Jani, Nor Akmalazura, Sirat, Hasnah Mohd, Ahmad, Farediah, Mohamad Ali, Nor Azah, Jamil, Mailina
Natural product research 2017 v.31 no.23 pp. 2793-2796
Bacillus subtilis, Neolitsea, alpha-glucosidase, antibacterial properties, enzyme inhibition, essential oils, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, hydrodistillation, leaf oils, leaves, Malaysia
Hydrodistillation of the fresh stem and leaf of Neolitsea kedahense Gamble, collected from Gunung Jerai, Malaysia followed by the GC-FID and GC-MS analysis revealed the detection of a total of 47 constituents of which 28 (86.4%) from the stem and 31 (96.4%) constituents from the leaf. δ -Cadinene (17.4%), 1- epi -cubenol (11.8%), cyperotundone (9.0%), cis -cadin-4-en-7-ol (7.7%), τ -cadinol (7.1%) and α-cadinol (7.1%) were the principle constituents in the stem oil, whereas β -caryophyllene (18.9%), bicyclogermacrene (18.6%) and trans -muurola-4(14),5-diene (9.8%) were the major constituents in the leaf oil. Among the identified constituents, three constituents namely 7- epi -α-selinene, junenol and cis -cadin-4-en-7-ol have not been found previously from Neolitsea oils. The stem and leaf oils were screened for their α-glucosidase inhibitory and antibacterial activities. Both oils displayed potential α-glucosidase inhibitory activity, while the stem oil possessed weak antibacterial activity against Bacillus subtilis .