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New Class of LAGP-Based Solid Polymer Composite Electrolyte for Efficient and Safe Solid-State Lithium Batteries

Guo, Qingpeng, Han, Yu, Wang, Hui, Xiong, Shizhao, Li, Yujie, Liu, Shuangke, Xie, Kai
ACS applied materials & interfaces 2017 v.9 no.48 pp. 41837-41844
ceramics, crystal structure, dendrites, electrochemistry, electrodes, electrolytes, energy density, ionic liquids, lithium, lithium batteries, polymers, strength (mechanics), wettability
Inorganic solid electrolytes (SEs) possess substantial safety and electrochemical stability, which make them as key components of safe rechargeable solid-state Li batteries with high energy density. However, complicated integrally molding process and poor wettability between SEs and active materials are the most challenging barriers for the application of SEs. In this regard, we explore composite SEs of the active ceramic Li₁₊ₓAlₓGe₂–ₓ(PO₄)₃ (LAGP) as the main medium for ion conduction and the polymer P(VDF-HFP) as a matrix. Meanwhile, for the first time, we choice high chemical, thermal, and electrochemical stability of ionic liquid swelled in polymer, which significantly ameliorate the interface in the cell. In addition, a reduced crystallinity degree of the polymer in the electrolyte can also be achieved. All of these lead to good ionic conductivity of the composite electrolyte (LPELCE), at the same time, good compatibility with the lithium electrode. Especially, high mechanical strength and stable solid electrolyte interphase which suppressed the growth of lithium dendrites and high thermal safety stability can also be observed. For further illustration, the solid-state lithium battery of LiFePO₄/LPELCE/Li shows relatively satisfactory performance, indicating the promising potentials of using this type of electrolyte to develop high safety and high energy density solid-state lithium batteries.