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Kinetic Models for the Role of Protein Thiols during Oxidation in Beer
- Andersen, Mogens
L., Gundermann, Matheo, Danielsen, Bente P., Lund, Marianne N.
- Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2017 v.65 no.49 pp. 10820-10828
- antioxidant activity, beers, bitter acids, ethanol, free radicals, hops, kinetics, oxidation, polyphenols, proteins, reaction mechanisms, thiols
- Thiol-containing proteins have been suggested to have antioxidative properties in beer. A kinetic model has been setup for the reactivity of thiols during early stages of oxidative degradation of beer. Kinetic analysis based on the proposed reaction mechanism allowed evaluation of the relative reactivity of beer components, such as bitter acids from hops and polyphenols. The rate constants for the reaction of 1-hydroxyethyl radicals, which are generated during radical mediated oxidation of ethanol in beer, with hop bitter acids and thiols were very similar, and the concentration of these compounds in beer is therefore essential for the relative reactivity. For a standard pilsner beer with 35 international bitter units with typical concentrations of thiols and hop bitter acids, thiols were found to react with ca. 9% of 1-hydroxyethyl radicals, while bitter acids from hops accounted for ca. 88% of the reaction with 1-hydroxyethyl radicals. Polyphenols were not found to account for any major part of the reaction with 1-hydroxyethyl radicals due to low reaction rates and low concentrations in pilsner beer compared to the other components. The kinetic model suggests that the concentration of thiols has to be increased in order to contribute with any significant antioxidative protection and that the fate of thiols during oxidation must be considered since some thiol oxidation products may induce further damage.