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Genetics of Na+ exclusion and salinity tolerance in Afghani durum wheat landraces
- Shamaya, Nawar Jalal, Shavrukov, Yuri, Langridge, Peter, Roy, Stuart John, Tester, Mark
- BMC plant biology 2017 v.17 no.1 pp. 209
- alleles, crop production, cultivars, durum wheat, heritability, hydroponics, landraces, leaves, loci, potassium, regression analysis, salt stress, salt tolerance, seedlings, sodium, Afghanistan
- BACKGROUND: Selecting for low concentration of Na⁺ in the shoot provides one approach for tackling salinity stress that adversely affects crop production. Novel alleles for Na⁺ exclusion can be identified and then introduced into elite crop cultivars. RESULTS: We have identified loci associated with lower Na⁺ concentration in leaves of durum wheat landraces originating from Afghanistan. Seedlings of two F₂ populations derived from crossings between Australian durum wheat (Jandaroi) and two Afghani landraces (AUS-14740 and AUS-14752) were grown hydroponically and evaluated for Na⁺ and K⁺ concentration in the third leaf. High heritability was found for both third leaf Na⁺ concentration and the K⁺/Na⁺ ratio in both populations. Further work focussed on line AUS-14740. Bulk segregant analysis using 9 K SNP markers identified two loci significantly associated with third leaf Na⁺ concentration. Marker regression analysis showed a strong association between all traits studied and a favourable allele originating from AUS-14740 located on the long arm of chromosome 4B. CONCLUSIONS: The candidate gene in the relevant region of chromosome 4B is likely to be the high affinity K⁺ transporter B1 (HKT1;5-B1). A second locus associated with third leaf Na⁺ concentration was located on chromosome 3BL, with the favourable allele originating from Jandaroi; however, no candidate gene can be identified.