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Progress in understanding and overcoming biomass recalcitrance: a BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) perspective
- Gilna, Paul, Lynd, LeeR., Mohnen, Debra, Davis, MarkF., Davison, BrianH.
- Biotechnology for biofuels 2017 v.10 no.1 pp. 285
- bioenergy, biomass, biotechnology, markets, microorganisms, phenotype
- The DOE BioEnergy Science Center has operated as a virtual center with multiple partners for a decade targeting overcoming biomass recalcitrance. BESC has redefined biomass recalcitrance from an observable phenotype to a better understood and manipulatable fundamental and operational property. These manipulations are the result of deeper biological understanding and can be combined with other advanced biotechnology improvements in biomass conversion to improve bioenergy processes and markets. This article provides an overview of key accomplishments in overcoming recalcitrance via better plants, better microbes, and better tools and combinations. A perspective on the aspects of successful center operation is presented.