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Design of a fuzzy differential evolution algorithm to predict non-deposition sediment transport

Ebtehaj, Isa, Bonakdari, Hossein
Appl Water Sci 2017 v.7 no.8 pp. 4287-4299
algorithms, equations, friction, models, particle size, pipelines, prediction, sediment transport, sediments, sewer systems
Since the flow entering a sewer contains solid matter, deposition at the bottom of the channel is inevitable. It is difficult to understand the complex, three-dimensional mechanism of sediment transport in sewer pipelines. Therefore, a method to estimate the limiting velocity is necessary for optimal designs. Due to the inability of gradient-based algorithms to train Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference Systems (ANFIS) for non-deposition sediment transport prediction, a new hybrid ANFIS method based on a differential evolutionary algorithm (ANFIS-DE) is developed. The training and testing performance of ANFIS-DE is evaluated using a wide range of dimensionless parameters gathered from the literature. The input combination used to estimate the densimetric Froude number (Fr) parameters includes the volumetric sediment concentration (C V), ratio of median particle diameter to hydraulic radius (d/R), ratio of median particle diameter to pipe diameter (d/D) and overall friction factor of sediment (λ ₛ). The testing results are compared with the ANFIS model and regression-based equation results. The ANFIS-DE technique predicted sediment transport at limit of deposition with lower root mean square error (RMSE = 0.323) and mean absolute percentage of error (MAPE = 0.065) and higher accuracy (R ² = 0.965) than the ANFIS model and regression-based equations.