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Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of traditional Thai herbal remedies for aphthous ulcers

Mekseepralard, Chantana, Kamkaen, Narisa, Wilkinson, Jenny M.
Phytotherapy research 2010 v.24 no.10 pp. 1514-1519
Candida albicans, Enterococcus faecalis, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Oriental traditional medicine, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Quercus infectoria, Salmonella typhi, Serratia marcescens, Staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio cholerae, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, antibacterial properties, antifungal properties, antioxidant activity, digestive tract mucosa, drug formulations, herbal medicines, medicinal plants, minimum inhibitory concentration, plant extracts, Thailand
Four medicinal plants (Quercus infectoria, Kaempferia galanga, Coptis chinensis and Glycyrrhiza uralensis) as well as one traditional Thai treatment for aphthous ulcers based on these four plants were tested for antimicrobial activity. MIC values for a range of bacteria and Candida albicans were determined, with both type strains and clinical isolates being used. Antioxidant activity was determined using the ABTS radical scavenging assay. Among the four plants, Q. infectoria showed antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus with an MIC of 0.41 mg/mL, while C. chinensis showed antifungal activity against C. albicans with an MIC of 6.25 mg/mL. Activity was also shown against a range of other organisms including Salmonella typhi, Serratia marcescens, Vibrio cholerae, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterococcus faecalis. The antimicrobial activity of the traditional aphthous ulcer preparation (a powder) was comparable to that for the individual plant extracts, however, incorporation of the powder into a gel formulation resulted in the loss of almost all activity. All extracts, with the exception of K. galanga, also showed good antioxidant activity. This study supports the traditional use of these plants and suggests that they may also be useful in the treatment of other infections.