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Induced Degradation of Anthraquinone-Based Dye by Laccase Produced from Pycnoporus sanguineus (CS43)

Salazar-López, Michelle, Rostro-Alanis, Magdalena de J., Castillo-Zacarías, Carlos, Parra-Guardado, Ana L., Hernández-Luna, Carlos, Iqbal, Hafiz M. N., Parra-Saldivar, Roberto
Water, air, and soil pollution 2017 v.228 no.12 pp. 469
Pycnoporus sanguineus, chromatography, ethanol, gels, industrial applications, ion exchange, laccase, liquid state fermentation, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis
In this study, in-house isolated laccase isoforms, i.e., Lac-I and Lac-II of the basidiomycete Pycnoporus sanguineus (CS43), were evaluated in relation to their Remazol Brilliant Blue R (RBBR) dye degradation capacity. A modified Dhouib medium additionally supplemented with 3% ethanol as a secondary inducer was used to propagate P. sanguineus CS43 for enhanced production of laccase under liquid state fermentation. The crude laccase extract was purified by passing through ion exchange diethylaminoethanol (DEAE)-Sepharose and gel filtration-based Sephadex G-200 column chromatography. The purified laccase fractions were subjected to the electrophoresis, and sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis revealed two laccase isoforms Lac-I and Lac-II with 66 and 68 kDa, respectively. To explore the industrial applicability, for RBBR dye, degradation efficiencies ranged from 82 to 88% after 3 h of incubation for both; Lac-I and Lac-II at both concentrations were recorded. However, with 8 U/mL, the degradation ranged between 70 to 80% during the first 5 min of incubation. Enhanced degradation of RBBR dye was obtained in the presence of violuric acid and N-hydroxypthalamide as laccase mediators. Finally, using RBBR as a substrate kinetic characterization of both Lac-I and Lac-II isoforms was performed that revealed K ₘ (0.243 and 0.117 mM for Lac-I and Lac-II) and V ₘₐₓ (1.233 and 1.012 mM/Sec for Lac-I and Lac-II) values, respectively.