U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.


Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.


Main content area

Tylosin sorption to diatomaceous earth described by Langmuir isotherm and Freundlich isotherm models

Bobbi S. Stromer, Bryan Woodbury, Clinton F. Williams
Chemosphere 2018 v.193 pp. 912-920
antibiotic resistance, aqueous solutions, binding capacity, buffers, diatomaceous earth, entropy, environmental impact, heat, humans, livestock, models, pH, phosphates, potassium chloride, protons, sorption, sorption isotherms, tylosin, urea
Tylosin, an antibiotic used for maintaining livestock health, is a macrolide structurally similar to a number of important, often prescribed human antibiotics. Because of this relationship, tylosin presents a potential threat of antimicrobial resistance from environmental buildup. This work investigated tylosin sorption to natural diatomaceous earth product (DE) and the types of physical interactions responsible for sorption. Most sorption processes were best described by the Langmuir model when compared with Freundlich model. Heat of sorption (ΔH) was 1.14 kJ mol⁻¹ indicating a physisorption process. Change in entropy (ΔS) was 119 J mol⁻¹. Sorption was evaluated from aqueous solution with various H⁺, KCl and Urea concentrations. In 0.01 M phosphate buffer (PB) pH 6.6, a maximum sorption capacity of 15 mg tylosin per g of DE was achieved. Changing the pH to 2.9 or 11.2 resulted in decreased sorption of tylosin (13 and 10 mg g⁻¹, respectively). Addition of 1 M KCl to 0.01 M PB pH 6.6 decreased sorption of tylosin to DE with the maximum binding capacity of 7 mg g⁻¹. Sorption in 1.0 M urea, 0.01 M phosphate buffer pH 6.6 showed a maximum sorption of 13 mg g⁻¹. Based on these results, the sorption of tylosin appears to be a physisorption process, with charge-charge interactions being the mode of sorption at neutral pH and small contributions from secondary interactions. This information will be useful for developing effective strategies for mitigating tylosin and other antimicrobial's impact on the environment.