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Fabricating hierarchical micro and nano structures on implantable Co–Cr–Mo alloy for tissue engineering by one-step laser ablation

Qin, Liguo, Wu, Hongxing, Guo, Junde, Feng, Xinan, Dong, Guangneng, Shao, Jinyou, Zeng, Qunfeng, Zhang, Yali, Qin, Yuanbin
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 2018 v.161 pp. 628-635
X-ray diffraction, adhesion, alloys, bioactive properties, cell adhesion, chromium, cobalt, colloids, irradiation, molybdenum, osteoblasts, prostheses, tissue engineering
Surface texturing is one of the effective strategies to improve bioactivity of implantable materials. In this study, hierarchical micro and nano structure (HMN) were fabricated on Co–Cr–Mo alloy substrate by a movable picosecond laser irradiation. Respectively, microgrooves with nano ripples and islands were produced on Co–Cr–Mo alloy by low and high laser power density. X-ray diffraction apparatus (XRD) phase analysis illustrated that substrate was in the phase of γ- face-centered cubic structure (FCC) before laser treatment, while it was in ε-hexagonal closest packing structure (HCP) phase dominant after laser treatment. Cell adhesion and proliferation studies showed that the HMN surface exhibits enhanced adhesion of MC3TC-E1 osteoblast and promoted cell activity. Analyzing of the morphology of osteoblast cells indicated cells were in high ratio of elongation on the HMN surface, while they mainly kept in round shape on the polished surface. Results indicated the formation of hierarchical structure on Co–Cr–Mo alloy was able to improve biological performances, suggesting the potential application in cobalt based orthopedic implants.