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The extrusion test and sensory perception revisited: Some comments on generality and the effect of measurement temperature

Brenner, Tom, Tomczyńska‐Mleko, Marta, Mleko, Stanisław, Nishinari, Katsuyoshi
Journal of texture studies 2017 v.48 no.6 pp. 487-493
ambient temperature, body temperature, deformation, extrusion, gels, mastication, mechanical properties, melting, polysaccharides, sensation, sensory properties, texture
Relations between sensory perception, extrusion and fracture in shear, extension and compression are examined. Gelatin‐based gels are perceived as less firm and less hard than expected based on their mechanical properties compared to polysaccharide gels that have the same mechanical properties at room temperature but melt well above body temperature, underlying the importance of the measurement temperature for gels that melt during mastication. Correlations between parameters from extrusion and compression, extension and shear are verified using mixed polysaccharide gels. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: We previously reported a high correlation between several sensory attributes and parameters from an extrusion test. The extrusion test showed the most robust correlation, and could be used to assess samples at both extremes of the texture range with respect to elasticity, for example, both samples that could not be extended as their very low elasticity led to their fracture during handling, as well as samples that could not be fractured in compression. Here, we reexamine the validity of the relations reported. We demonstrate the generality of the relations between large deformation tests and extrusion, but the findings underscore the need to take into account the measurement temperature for samples that melt during mastication when correlating instrumental parameters with sensory perception.