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Heterologous expression and periplasmic secretion of an antifungal Bacillus amyloliquefaciensBLB369 endo‐β‐1,3‐1,4‐glucanase in Escherichia coli

Zalila‐Kolsi, Imen, Sellami, Sameh, Tounsi, Slim, Jamoussi, Kaïs
Phytopathologische Zeitschrift 2018 v.166 no.1 pp. 28-33
Alternaria alternata, Escherichia coli, amino acids, antifungal properties, beta-glucans, depolymerization, genes, glycosidases, heterologous gene expression, molecular weight, plant pathogenic fungi, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, proteins, secretion, signal peptide
The endo‐β‐1,3‐1,4‐glucanases are glycoside hydrolases involved in the enzymatic depolymerization of 1,3‐1,4 β‐glucans and showed an antifungal activity against some fungi. Bacillus amyloliquefaciensBLB369 has a high antagonistic activity against phytopathogenic fungi. Its glu369 full‐coding sequence of the endo‐β‐1,3‐1,4‐glucanase gene (732 bp) was sequenced, cloned and successfully expressed in Escherichia coli Top10. The encoded protein (243 amino acids) has a calculated molecular mass of 27.3 kDa. To simplify the purification procedure, the glu369 coding sequence was cloned into the vector pKJD4. The produced OmpA‐His‐Glu369 harboured OmpA signal sequence for E. coli periplasmic localization and followed by a 6His residues for its purification. The purified His‐tagged proteins revealed two bands on SDS‐PAGE analysis with molecular masses of about 30.5 (His‐Glu369) and 32.5 kDa (OmpA‐His‐Glu369). They had the ability to inhibit the growth of phytopathogenic fungus Alternaria alternata. These favourable properties make the endo‐β‐1,3‐1,4‐glucanase a good candidate for biotechnological applications.