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Linear intermolt growth in Americamysis bahia (Molenock 1969) (Mysida, Mysidae)

Scarfe, A. David, Steele, Craig W.
Marine and freshwater behaviour and physiology 2017 v.50 no.4 pp. 257-272
Mysidae, abdomen, allometry, ecdysis, equations, instars, postlarvae, puberty
Two phases of allometry, prepubertal, and pubertal, are evident in A. bahia, equally dividing the first six instars. Coefficients of variation of the sizes of individuals’ abdomens, carapaces, and standard lengths significantly decrease in intermolt four, suggesting a synchronization of the size at which individuals enter the pubertal phase. Growth in standard length is best expressed over the first six post-larval instars by a quadratic equation, but within instars 85%, or more, of the expansion occurs linearly during the intermolt period, with only about 15% occurring during ecdysis. Estimations of carapace:abdomen allometry indicate an average ratio of 1:1.97 during the intermolt and 1:1.68 during ecdysis. The average molt:intermolt ratio in the carapace expansion is 1:3.16, and in the abdomen, 1:3.71, indicating that proportional growth between the carapace and the abdomen is continuous during both the intermolt and molt phases, but occur at different rates and proportions during the two periods.