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Comparison of fungicidal properties of non-thermal plasma produced by corona discharge and dielectric barrier discharge

Author:
Julák, J., Soušková, H., Scholtz, V., Kvasničková, E., Savická, D., Kříha, V.
Source:
Folia microbiologica 2018 v.63 no.1 pp. 63-68
ISSN:
0015-5632
Subject:
Alternaria, Aspergillus oryzae, Byssochlamys nivea, Cladosporium sphaerospermum, agar, antifungal properties, cell viability, fungal spores, fungi
Abstract:
The inactivation of four micromycete species by action of non-thermal plasma was followed. Two sources of plasma were compared, namely, positive corona discharge and dielectric barrier discharge. The corona discharge appeared as suitable for fungal spore inactivation in water suspension, whereas the barrier discharge inactivated spores on the surface of cultivation agar. Cladosporium sphaerospermum was the most sensitive, being inactivated within 10 min of exposure to plasma, whereas Aspergillus oryzae displayed decrease in viable cell count only, the complete inactivation was not achieved even after 40 min of exposure. Intermediate sensitivity was found for Alternaria sp. and Byssochlamys nivea. The significant delay of growth was observed for all fungi after exposure to sublethal dose of plasma, but we failed to express this effect quantitatively.