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Seven‐year monitoring of pyrethroid resistance in the pollen beetle (Brassicogethes aeneus F.) during implementation of insect resistance management

Stará, Jitka, Kocourek, František
Pest management science 2018 v.74 no.1 pp. 200-209
Brassica napus, Brassicogethes aeneus, bioassays, cross resistance, deltamethrin, etofenprox, insect resistance, lambda-cyhalothrin, lethal dose 50, monitoring, mortality, mutation, population density, pyrethrins, resistance management, topical application, winter, Czech Republic
BACKGROUND: An increase in the spread of pyrethroid resistance in the pollen beetle has been documented in many European countries. Pyrethroid resistance in the pollen beetle in the Czech Republic has been detected using a topical application bioassay. Resistance monitoring has been carried out during the implementation of insect resistance management. RESULTS: The susceptibilities of nine pollen beetle populations to four pyrethroids in 2009 − 2015 in the Czech Republic are presented in this paper. The highest resistance ratio (RR) values [based on the lethal dose for 50% of the population (LD₅₀)] obtained for deltamethrin, lambda‐cyhalothrin, tau‐fluvalinate and etofenprox were 500, 299, 108 and 66.9, respectively. Pollen beetle mortality after application of deltamethrin or lambda‐cyhalothrin gradually decreased from 2009 to 2013. High cross‐resistance between lambda‐cyhalothrin and deltamethrin and low cross‐resistance between lambda‐cyhalothrin and etofenprox were demonstrated. A kdr mutation known to cause resistance in the pollen beetle was not detected. CONCLUSION: A high level of resistance was recorded in most of the nine populations of the pollen beetle in 2013. In the following 2 years, a decrease in resistance associated with a population density decrease of the pollen beetle was observed in all nine populations as a result of insect resistance management based on pyrethroid reduction in winter oilseed rape. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry