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The combined effect of feed frequency and ration size of diets with and without microbial biomass on the growth and feed conversion of juvenile Penaeus monodon
- Arnold, S., Smullen, R., Briggs, M., West, M., Glencross, B.
- Aquaculture nutrition 2016 v.22 no.6 pp. 1340-1347
- Penaeus monodon, cost effectiveness, diet, experimental design, feed conversion, feeds, industry, juveniles, microbial biomass, satiety, shrimp
- Feed management strategies that maximize shrimp growth and optimize feed utilization are critical to the cost‐effectiveness of production. In this study, juvenile Penaeus monodon (~3 g) were cultured for 6 weeks in a laboratory‐based clear‐water tank system. The experiment design was a three‐way factorial with two diets (Diet A – standard industry formulation or Diet B – the same diet with 10% microbial biomass), two feed frequencies (twice or six times daily) and three rations (60%, 80% and 100% of satiation). The results demonstrated clear growth benefits of feeding more than two times per day and feed efficiency benefits of a restricted ration. There was also a significant interaction between frequency and ration, which demonstrated that growth improved using six feeds compared with two feeds as ration amount decreased. The effects of frequency and ration were consistent for both diets; however, the addition of a microbial biomass provided significant growth improvements across all treatments. These outcomes define the gains produced by the combined effect of frequency and ration and suggest a compromise between feed utilization and feeding effort for adoption in feed management strategies.