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Development of low‐lipid formulated feeds with different protein/energy ratios for Octopus vulgaris ongrowing
- Cerezo Valverde, J., Hernández, M.D., Aguado‐Giménez, F., García García, B.
- Aquaculture nutrition 2017 v.23 no.4 pp. 681-691
- Octopus vulgaris, body weight, diet, energy, feed conversion, feed formulation, lipid content, nutrient content, protein content, protein value, proximate composition
- We studied the feeding and growth rates, feed efficiency and nutritional composition of subadult octopuses (689 ± 77 g) fed low‐lipid diets with two different protein/energy ratios (P/E): Medium P/E diet (30.5 g protein MJ⁻¹, 662 g kg⁻¹ protein dry weight (dw)) or High P/E diet (36.8 g protein MJ⁻¹, 843 g kg⁻¹ protein dw). Survival was 100% for the Medium P/E and 87.5% for the High P/E diet. The specific feeding rates were 1.91% and 1.67% body weight day⁻¹ for the Medium P/E and High P/E diet, respectively (P < 0.05). The specific growth rates (0.92% and 1.25% body weight day⁻¹), feed efficiency indices (47.3% and 72.7%), productive protein value (23.9% and 29.1%) and digestive gland index (5.6% and 6.4%) were significantly better in animals fed the High P/E than the Medium P/E diet (P < 0.05). The proximate composition of the digestive gland was similar for both diets, but the total lipid content of carcass was higher in animals fed the Medium P/E diet (P < 0.05). Our results suggest that the protein content of the feed could be a factor regulating feeding rates in octopus.