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Effects of dietary lipid level on growth performance, body composition and digestive enzymes activity of juvenile sea cucumber, Apostichopus japonicus
- Liao, Ming‐Ling, Ren, Tong‐Jun, Chen, Wei, Han, Yu‐Zhe, Liu, Chen‐Min, Jiang, Zhi‐Qiang, Wang, Fu‐Qiang
- Aquaculture research 2017 v.48 no.1 pp. 92-101
- Apostichopus japonicus, body composition, body weight changes, carboxylic ester hydrolases, dietary fat, digestive enzymes, docosahexaenoic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, enzyme activity, fatty acid composition, feed intake, growth performance, juveniles, protein efficiency ratio, proteinases, specific growth rate
- A feeding trial aimed to determine the effects of dietary lipid level on growth performance, body composition and digestive enzymes activity of juvenile sea cucumber, Apostichopus japonicus. Diets with six crude lipid levels (1.9, 13.8, 29.1, 43.6, 59.6 and 71.6 g kg⁻¹) were fed to sea cucumbers (initial weights 0.65 ± 0.01 g) at a density of 30 juveniles, once a day. After 60 days, body weight gain (BWG), specific growth rate (SGR), feed intake (FI) and protein efficiency ratio (PER) decreased with increasing dietary lipid levels. The sea cucumbers fed 1.9 g kg⁻¹ crude lipid showed significantly higher (P < 0.05) BWG than those of the sea cucumbers fed 59.6 and 71.6 g kg⁻¹ crude lipid. Intestinal protease and lipase activities generally increased with increasing dietary lipid levels. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) content of body walls generally increased with increasing dietary lipid levels. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) content of body walls reached the maximum value at a dietary lipid level of 13.8 g kg⁻¹. N‐3 highly unsaturated fatty acid content followed the same pattern of DHA. According to the growth performance and body composition of sea cucumbers, it can be indicated that the optimum dietary lipid level for juvenile sea cucumbers is between 1.9 and 13.8 g kg⁻¹.