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Biological characteristics of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens AK‐0 and suppression of ginseng root rot caused by Cylindrocarpon destructans

Kim, Y.S., Balaraju, K., Jeon, Y.H.
Journal of applied microbiology 2017 v.122 no.1 pp. 166-179
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, Iliyonectria radicicola, Panax, antibiotics, antifungal properties, biosynthesis, conidia, culture filtrates, fungi, gene expression, genes, germination, growth curves, metabolites, microbial growth, microscopy, pathogens, polymerase chain reaction, rhizosphere bacteria, ribosomal RNA, root rot, roots, sequence analysis
AIMS: The effect of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens AK‐0 (AK‐0) on ginseng root rot disease caused by Cylindrocarpon destructans was investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: From 190 ginseng rhizosphere bacteria, AK‐0 was selected for further analysis; its morphological characteristics were investigated by microscopy. AK‐0 was identified as B. amyloliquefaciens using the Biolog system, 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and examination of morphological and biochemical characteristics. Bacterial population and media optimization were estimated by the bacterial growth curve. The number of AK‐0 cells was relatively higher in brain‐heart infusion (BHI) medium than in other media. The potential antifungal effect of AK‐0 culture filtrate on the in vitro conidial germination of C. destructans and root rot development on root discs and 4‐year‐old ginseng roots were assessed. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of antibiotic biosynthesis gene expression suggested that the release of antibiotic compounds is involved in the antifungal effect of AK‐0 and the suppression of ginseng root rot. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that the CF of AK‐0 has antifungal effects on fungal pathogens of ginseng, resulting in the suppression of root rot disease caused by C. destructans. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: AK‐0 is a potential source of novel bioactive metabolites. AK‐0 CF exhibited antifungal effects against C. destructans on ginseng roots. PCR analysis indicated that the AK‐0 harbours genes involved in the biosynthesis of antimicrobial compounds.