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Broad taxonomic characterization of Verticillium wilt resistance genes reveals an ancient origin of the tomato Ve1 immune receptor

Song, Yin, Zhang, Zhao, Seidl, Michael F., Majer, Aljaz, Jakse, Jernej, Javornik, Branka, Thomma, Bart P. H. J.
Molecular plant pathology 2017 v.18 no.2 pp. 195-209
Humulus lupulus, Nicotiana glutinosa, Solanum torvum, Solanum tuberosum, Verticillium dahliae, Verticillium wilt, eggplants, embryophytes, fungi, hosts, immunologic receptors, pathogens, phylogeny, potatoes, resistance genes, tobacco, tomatoes
Plant‐pathogenic microbes secrete effector molecules to establish themselves on their hosts, whereas plants use immune receptors to try and intercept such effectors in order to prevent pathogen colonization. The tomato cell surface‐localized receptor Ve1 confers race‐specific resistance against race 1 strains of the soil‐borne vascular wilt fungus Verticillium dahliae which secrete the Ave1 effector. Here, we describe the cloning and characterization of Ve1 homologues from tobacco (Nicotiana glutinosa), potato (Solanum tuberosum), wild eggplant (Solanum torvum) and hop (Humulus lupulus), and demonstrate that particular Ve1 homologues govern resistance against V. dahliae race 1 strains through the recognition of the Ave1 effector. Phylogenetic analysis shows that Ve1 homologues are widely distributed in land plants. Thus, our study suggests an ancient origin of the Ve1 immune receptor in the plant kingdom.