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Allelic variation and distribution independence of Puroindoline b-B2 variants and their association with grain texture in wheat

Chen, Feng, Zhang, Fuyan, Li, Huanhuan, Morris, Craig F., Cao, Yingying, Shang, Xiaoli, Cui, Dangqun
Molecular breeding 2013 v.32 pp. 399
alleles, correlation, cultivars, haplotypes, hardness, inbred lines, leaves, marker-assisted selection, proteins, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, screening, seed development, seeds, texture, wheat
In this study, we identify the allelic variation of the Pinb-B2v3 variant, which could be divided into three different alleles, Pinb-B2v3a, Pinb-B2v3b and Pinb-B2v3c. The result of v2 tests showed that the distribution of Puroindoline b-2 variants has different frequencies in common and durum wheats. Analysis of the association of Pinb-B2v with grain hardness indicated that wheat cultivars with Pinb-B2v3b possessed relatively higher single kernel characterization system (SKCS) hardness indices in soft wheat in the 2006–2007 cropping season. Further analysis of SKCS hardness among different Puroindoline B-b2 variants by an F8 recombinant inbred line (RIL) population containing 350 RILs indicated that lines with Pinb-2v3b were on average 5.4 SKCS hardness index units harder than those carrying the Pinb-2v2 haplotype. Derived cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence markers were developed for identification of Pinb-B2v3b and Pinb-B2v3c alleles and will be useful for screening early generation materials by marker-assisted selection during wheat breeding. The results of quantitative real-time PCR indicated that the relative expression level of Pinb-B2v3b was significantly higher than those of Pinb-B2v2, Pinb-B2v3a and Pinb-B2v3c, that four Pinb-B2 alleles showed the highest relative expression level on the 14th day after anthesis during grain development, and that relative expression levels of Pinb-B2v3b and Pinb-B2v2 in leaf were significantly higher than those in root, suggesting that PINB-2 are possibly not seedspecific proteins and that the expression level of Pinb-B2v3 was possibly positively correlated with grain hardness.