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Transcriptome analysis of zebrafish embryos exposed to deltamethrin

Chueh, Tsung‐Cheng, Hsu, Li‐Sung, Kao, Chin‐Ming, Hsu, Tung‐Wei, Liao, Hung‐Yu, Wang, Kuan‐Yi, Chen, Ssu Ching
Environmental toxicology 2017 v.32 no.5 pp. 1548-1557
Danio rerio, G-protein coupled receptors, adverse effects, aquatic environment, cDNA libraries, children, complementary DNA, deltamethrin, fish, fish communities, gene expression, gene expression regulation, gene ontology, genes, pregnant women, pyrethrins, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, sequence analysis, signal transduction, transcriptome, transcriptomics
Deltamethrin (DTM), a type II pyrethroid, is one of the most commonly used insecticides. The increased use of pyrethroid leads to potential adverse effects, particularly in sensitive populations such as children and pregnant women. None of the related studies was focused on the transcriptome responses in zebrafish embryos after treatment with DTM; therefore, RNA‐seq, a high‐throughput method, was performed to analyze the global expression of differential expressed genes (DEGs) in zebrafish embryos treated with DTM (40 and 80 μg/L) from fertilization to 48 h postfertilization (hpf) as compared with that in the control group (without DTM treatment). Two cDNA libraries were generated from treated embryos and one cDNA library from nontreated embryos, respectively. Over 92% of reads mapped to the reference in these three libraries. It was observed that many differential genes were expressed in comparison with embryos before and after DTM. The 20 most differentially expressed upregulated or downregulated genes were majorly involved in the signaling transduction. Validation of selected nine genes expression using qRT‐PCR confirmed RNA‐seq results. The transcriptome sequences were further subjected to gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis, showing G‐protein‐coupled receptor signaling pathway and neuroactive ligand–receptor interaction, respectively, were most enriched. The data from this study contributed to a better understanding of the potential consequences of fish exposed to DTM, to an evaluation of the potential threat of DTM to fish populations in aquatic environments. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Environ Toxicol 32: 1548–1557, 2017.