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Phylogenetic Analysis of the Spike (S) Gene of the New Variants of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea Virus in Taiwan

Chiou, H.‐Y., Huang, Y.‐L., Deng, M.‐C., Chang, C.‐Y., Jeng, C.‐R., Tsai, P.‐S., Yang, C., Pang, V. F., Chang, H.‐W.
Transboundary and emerging diseases 2017 v.64 no.1 pp. 157-166
Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus, diarrhea, emerging diseases, epitopes, farms, genes, genetic variation, immune response, livestock and meat industry, morbidity, mortality, mutation, pathogenesis, phylogeny, piglets, vaccines, Taiwan
New variants of porcine epidemic diarrhoea virus (PEDV), which emerged in Taiwan in late 2013, have caused a high morbidity and mortality in neonatal piglets. To investigate the molecular characteristics of the spike (S) gene of the emerging Taiwan PEDV strains for a better understanding of the genetic diversity and relationship among the Taiwan new variants and the global PEDVs, full‐length S genes of PEDVs from nine 1–7 day‐old piglets from three pig farms in the central and southern Taiwan were sequenced and analysed. The result of phylogenetic analysis of the S gene showed that all the Taiwan PEDV strains were closely related to the non‐S INDEL strains from US, Canada and China, suggesting a common ancestor for these strains. As compared with the historic PEDVs and CV777‐based vaccine strains, the nine Taiwan PEDV variants shared almost the same genetic signatures as the global non‐S INDEL strains, including a series of insertions, deletions and mutations in the amino terminal as well as identical mutations in the neutralizing epitopes of the S gene. The high similarity of the S protein among the Taiwan and the globally emerged non‐S INDEL PEDV strains suggests that the Taiwan new variants may share similar pathogenesis and immunogenicity as the global outbreak variants. The development of a novel vaccine based on the Taiwan or the global non‐S INDEL strains may be contributive to the control of the current global porcine epidemic diarrhoea outbreaks.