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Review of some pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of anti‐infective medicines administered to the koala (Phascolarctos cinereus)
- Govendir, M.
- Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics 2018 v.41 no.1 pp. 1-10
- Eucalyptus, Phascolarctos cinereus, absorption, blood proteins, chlamydiosis, chloramphenicol, cryptococcosis, diet, enrofloxacin, fluconazole, leaves, marbofloxacin, medicine, pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics
- Although koalas are iconic Australian animals, no pharmacokinetic studies of any first‐line medicines used to treat diseased or injured koalas had been published prior to 2010. Traditionally, medicine dosages suggested for this species underwent linear extrapolation from those recommended for domesticated species. The koala, a specialist folivore whose natural diet consists of almost exclusively Eucalyptus spp. foliage has anatomical and physiological adaptations for detoxifying their diet which also affect medicine pharmacokinetic profiles. This review addresses aspects of medicine absorption, clearance, and other indices (such as medicine binding to plasma proteins) of enrofloxacin/marbofloxacin and chloramphenicol used for the systemic treatment of chlamydiosis, and fluconazole ± amphotericin, and posaconazole for the treatment of cryptococcosis. Based on observations from published studies, this review includes suggestions to improve therapeutic outcomes when administering medicines to diseased koalas.