Main content area

Roles of spermine in modulating the antioxidant status and Nrf2 signalling molecules expression in the thymus and spleen of suckling piglets—new insight

Cao, W., Xu, X., Jia, G., Zhao, H., Chen, X., Wu, C., Tang, J., Wang, J., Cai, J., Liu, G.
Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition 2018 v.102 no.1 pp. e183
antioxidant activity, body weight, catalase, early weaning, gene expression, glutathione, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione transferase, glutathione-disulfide reductase, malondialdehyde, messenger RNA, nutrient intake, piglets, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, spermine, spleen, suckling, superoxide dismutase, thymus gland, transcription (genetics)
This study aimed to investigate the effects of spermine and extended spermine administration on the antioxidant status and expression of NF‐E2‐related factor 2 (Nrf2) signalling molecules in the thymus and spleen in suckling piglets. One half of eighty 12‐day‐old suckling piglets obtained sufficient nutrient intake supplemented with spermine (0.4 mmol/kg body weight), and another half received restricted nutrient intake supplemented with physiological saline in equal doses once a day for 7 hr or 3, 6 or 9 days in pairs. Spermine supplementation and its extended duration significantly decreased malondialdehyde (MDA) and protein carbonyl (PC) contents (p < .05), but markedly improved antisuperoxide anion (ASA), antihydroxyl radical (AHR), catalase (CAT), total superoxide dismutase (T‐SOD), total antioxidant capacity (T‐AOC), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and glutathione‐S‐transferase (GST) activities (p < .05) and glutathione (GSH) content (p < .05) in the thymus and spleen. Additionally, real‐time PCR analysis showed that spermine administration and extended spermine intake reduced Kelch‐like ECH‐associated protein 1 (Keap1) gene transcription and enhanced SOD1, GPx1, CAT, glutathione reductase (GR) and Nrf2 mRNA levels of the thymus and spleen (p < .05), and also improved GST gene expression in the thymus (p < .05). Notably, the spermine‐supplemented time for the optimal effects of suckling piglet was determined to be 6 days. Collectively, the current study suggested that spermine supplementation and extended spermine administration could protect the health of the thymus and spleen from early weaning by enhancing the antioxidant status and regulating the expression of antioxidant‐related signalling molecules.