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Astaxanthin krill oil enhances the growth performance and fatty acid composition of the Pacific whiteleg shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, reared under hypersaline conditions
- Castro, O.S., Burri, L., Nunes, A.J.P.
- Aquaculture nutrition 2018 v.24 no.1 pp. 442-452
- Litopenaeus vannamei, astaxanthin, body weight, diet, fatty acid composition, feed conversion, fish, fish oils, growth performance, krill, polyunsaturated fatty acids, rearing, shrimp, soybean oil, soybeans, water salinity
- Hypersalinity culture of marine shrimp can lead to poor growth and feed efficiency. This study evaluated the effect of dietary supplementation of three oil sources (krill, fish and soybean) on the growth of Litopenaeus vannamei reared under high salinity. Shrimp of 2.79 ± 0.60 g were reared for 64 days under isosmotic (ISO, 23 ± 1.2 g/L) and hyperosmotic (HOS, 44 ± 2.0 g/L) conditions. Diets varied in their fatty acid composition: Control, 35 g/kg of the diet (as fed basis) soybean oil; Fish, 27 g/kg fish oil and 10 g/kg soybean oil; Krill, 48 g/kg krill oil and 4 g/kg soybean oil; Krill‐, 15 g/kg krill oil and 21 g/kg soybean oil; Krill+, 55 g/kg krill oil and 4 g/kg soybean oil. At harvest, Krill diet promoted the fastest shrimp growth (1.01 ± 0.01 g/week) and body weight (11.97 ± 2.01 g), regardless of water salinity. There were no significant differences in shrimp survival (93.4 ± 5.07%) and yield (554 ± 68.5 g/m²) among different diets. Shrimp fed Fish, Krill and Krill+ had higher concentrations of PUFA compared to those fed Control and Krill‐ diets.