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Insecticide susceptibilities of the two rice planthoppers Nilaparvata lugens and Sogatella furcifera in East Asia, the Red River Delta, and the Mekong Delta

Matsumura, Masaya, Sanada‐Morimura, Sachiyo, Otuka, Akira, Sonoda, Shoji, Van Thanh, Dinh, Van Chien, Ho, Van Tuong, Phan, Loc, Phung Minh, Liu, Ze‐Wen, Zhu, Zeng‐Rong, Li, Jian‐Hong, Wu, Gang, Huang, Shou‐Horng
Pest management science 2018 v.74 no.2 pp. 456-464
Nilaparvata lugens, Sogatella furcifera, fipronil, imidacloprid, insecticide resistance, lethal dose 50, monitoring, resistance management, rice, river deltas, thiamethoxam, East Asia
BACKGROUND: The two rice planthoppers, Nilaparvata lugens and Sogatella furcifera, have different life cycles in the regions of East Asia, the Red River Delta, and the Mekong Delta. The susceptibilities of these species to a range of insecticides have not previously been compared among the three regions over multiple years. Here, we describe the differences and similarities in insecticide susceptibilities of the two species among the three regions in 2006–2011. RESULTS: In all three regions in 2006 − 2011, N. lugens developed high and moderate levels of resistance to imidacloprid and thiamethoxam, respectively, but this species did not develop resistance to fipronil. In contrast, S. furcifera developed a high level of resistance to fipronil. The ranges in 50% lethal dose (LD₅₀) values for N. lugens treated with both imidacloprid and thiamethoxam were similar over time between East Asia and the Red River Delta, and were different in the Mekong Delta. CONCLUSION: The results support the idea that resistant populations migrate from the Red River Delta region to East Asia. Therefore, continuous monitoring of the susceptibility of N. lugens to insecticides in the Red River Delta is very important for insecticide resistance management in East Asia. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry