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A novel general and efficient technique for dissociating antigen in circulating immune complexes

Dai, Yuzhu, Hu, Zhengjun, Chen, Yu, Lou, Bin, Cui, Dawei, Xu, Aifang, Rao, Yueli, He, Jiahui, Yang, Jiezuan, Zeng, Xianming, Xu, Xujian, Wang, Guozheng, Xu, Jian, Zhou, Tieli, Sun, Changgui, Cheng, Jun
Electrophoresis 2018 v.39 no.2 pp. 406-416
Human immunodeficiency virus, adhesion, antigen-antibody complex, antigens, blood serum, coprecipitation, dissociation, electrophoresis, hydrochloric acid, immune response, polyethylene glycol, trypsin
Circulating immune complexes (CICs) are produced during the immune response. It is more clinically important to establish a general and efficient CICs dissociation technique for the detection of antigens for CICs other than the detection of free antigens in the serum. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) two‐precipitation separation and glycine‐HCl as a buffer system were employed to develop a general and efficient buffer dissociation technique to separate CICs from serum and dissociate antigens from CICs. The measurement value of new PEG two‐precipitation separation technique was higher than traditional PEG precipitation separation technique. There were slight differences in the dissociation conditions of HCV Core‐IC, HIV P24‐IC, Ins‐IC and TG‐IC as compared to HBsAg‐IC. The detection of antigens in HBsAg‐IC, HCV Core‐IC, HIV P24‐IC, Ins‐IC and TG‐IC with this technique was superior to that with HCl Dissociation, Trypsin Digestion or Immune Complex Transfer technique. PEG two‐precipitation dissociation technique may reduce macromolecular protein and the adhesion of free antigens during the co‐precipitation, which increases the efficiency of separation and precipitation of CICs. This technique also avoids the damage of reagents to antigens, assuring the repeatability, reliability and validity. Thus, this technique is application in samples negative or positive for free antigens.