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Comparison of the volatile emission profiles of ground almond and pistachio mummies: Part 1 – Addressing a gap in knowledge of current attractants for navel orangeworm

John J. Beck, Noreen E. Mahoney, Daniel Cook, Wai S. Gee, Nausheena Baig, Bradley S. Higbee
Phytochemistry letters 2014 v.9 pp. 102-106
Amyelois transitella, almonds, headspace analysis, insect attractants, insect pests, monitoring, moths, orchards, pistachios, principal component analysis, seeds, trapping, trees, volatile compounds, California
Over the years various tissues of almond and pistachio have been evaluated for their ability to attract the navel orangeworm moth, a major insect pest in California tree nut orchards. Almond meal, which typically consists of ground almond kernels, is a monitoring tool for navel orangeworm populations in almond and pistachio orchards. Recently, ground pistachio and almond mummies have been re-visited in field trapping studies for their potential to attract navel orangeworm moths. Surprisingly, the volatile profiles of these two systems have not been reported. The objective of this study was to survey and then compare and contrast the volatile profiles of both ground almond and pistachio mummies over the course of a week. Principal component analysis (PCA) of the headspace volatiles showed a distinct difference between ground almond and pistachio mummies. The volatile emission profile of the almond mummies remained consistent over the one-week period, albeit in low content and composition; whereas the profile of the pistachio mummies changed over time as shown by PCA. Seven compounds were identified as being common volatiles to both matrices. These data may help explain results from recent navel orangeworm field trapping studies using almond and pistachio mummies, as well as with the formulation of future synthetic blends.