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Comparison of Multiplate, Platelet Function Analyzer‐200, and Plateletworks in Healthy Dogs Treated with Aspirin and Clopidogrel

Saati, S., Abrams‐Ogg, A.C.G., Blois, S.L., Wood, R.D.
Journal of veterinary internal medicine 2018 v.32 no.1 pp. 111-118
Beagle, adenosine diphosphate, agonists, arachidonic acid, aspirin, collagen, counters, cross-over studies, dogs, hematology, impedance, monitoring, therapeutics
BACKGROUND: Platelet function testing may be warranted to assess response to aspirin and clopidogrel. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of aspirin, clopidogrel, or combination therapy using 3 platelet function tests: Multiplate Analyzer (MP), Platelet Function Analyzer‐200 (PFA), and Plateletworks (PW). ANIMALS: Six healthy laboratory Beagles. METHODS: Randomized double‐blind placebo‐controlled study (crossover design). Dogs were given aspirin 1 mg/kg, clopidogrel 2 mg/kg, or combination therapy for 1 week each, with a washout period of 2 weeks. Platelet function was assessed on days 0 and 7 of each phase using MP (adenosine diphosphate [ADP], arachidonic acid [AA], collagen [COL] agonists), PFA (P2Y, COL‐ADP [CADP], COL‐Epinephrine [CEPI] cartridges), and PW (ADP, AA, COL agonists). Platelet counts were obtained with impedance and optical counters. RESULTS: For MP, mean aggregation was decreased for COL and AA with combination therapy and for ADP with all treatments. For PFA, mean CT was increased for the CEPI cartridge with aspirin; and for the P2Y and CADP cartridges with clopidogrel or combination therapy. More dogs receiving clopidogrel showed an increase in PFA CT using the P2Y than the CADP cartridge. For PW, mean aggregation was decreased for AA with all treatments; for ADP with clopidogrel or combination therapy; and for COL with clopidogrel. The PW results with the 2 hematology counters showed almost perfect agreement. CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: All platelet function tests detected treatment effects in some dogs and may have utility for monitoring therapy.