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Comparison of the characteristics of macrophages derived from murine spleen, peritoneal cavity, and bone marrow

Zhao, Yan-long, Tian, Pu-xun, Han, Feng, Zheng, Jin, Xia, Xin-xin, Xue, Wu-jun, Ding, Xiao-ming, Ding, Chen-guang
Journal of Zhejiang University 2017 v.18 no.12 pp. 1055-1063
bone marrow, flow cytometry, interleukins, macrophages, major histocompatibility complex, mannose, messenger RNA, mice, phenotype, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, spleen, tumor necrosis factor-alpha
Macrophages have a diverse set of functions based upon their activation states. The activation states, including resting (M0) and polarizing (M1 and M2) states, of macrophages derived from the mouse bone marrow, spleen, and peritoneal cavity (BMs, SPMs, and PCMs, respectively) were compared. We evaluated the macrophage yield per mouse and compared the surface markers major histocompatibility complex (MHC) II and CD86 by flow cytometry. The relative mRNA levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β, mannose receptor (MR), and Ym1 in the M0, M1, and M2 states were also compared using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis. Bone marrow yielded the most macrophages with the best homogeneity, but they were polarized toward the M2 phenotype. All three types of macrophages had the capacity to polarize into the M1 and M2 states, but SPMs had a stronger capacity to polarize into M1. The three types of macrophages showed no differences in their capacity to polarize into the M2 state. Therefore, the three types of macrophages have distinct characteristics regardless of their resting or polarizing states. Although bone marrow can get large amounts of homogeneous macrophages, the macrophages cannot replace tissue-derived macrophages.