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Enhanced long-chain fatty alcohol oxidation by immobilization of alcohol dehydrogenase from S. cerevisiae

Ottone, Carminna, Bernal, Claudia, Serna, Néstor, Illanes, Andrés, Wilson, Lorena
Applied microbiology and biotechnology 2018 v.102 no.1 pp. 237-247
agarose, alcohol dehydrogenase, biocatalysts, carbon, crosslinking, detergents, fatty alcohols, industry, lubricants, oxidation, pH, personal care products, plasticizers, polyethyleneimine, yeasts
This work reports on the oxidation of long-chain aliphatic alcohols catalyzed by a stabilized alcohol dehydrogenase from S. cerevisiae (yeast alcohol dehydrogenase (YADH)). In particular, the oxidation of the fatty alcohol tetracosanol (C₂₄H₅₀O) to yield lignoceric acid (C₂₃H₄₇COOH) was studied. The immobilization of YADH onto glyoxyl agarose supports crosslinked with a polymer (polyethylenimine) produced a highly stable catalyst (60-fold higher than the soluble enzyme at 40 °C). Aliphatic alcohols with different chain lengths (ranging from 2 to 24 carbons) were studied as substrates for YADH. The activity of YADH with aliphatic alcohols with a chain length higher than five carbon atoms is reported for the first time. The activities obtained with the immobilized YADH were all similar in magnitude, even with long-chain fatty alcohols such as docosanol and tetracosanol. As far as the oxidation of tetracosanol is concerned, the best values of reaction rate and substrate conversion were obtained at pH = 8.2 and T = 58 °C. At these conditions, the soluble enzyme inactivated rapidly, precluding its use in batch reaction. However, using the immobilized YADH, up to three sequential reaction batches were performed by recovering the catalyst after each batch. Several applications in the green oleochemical industry, e.g., for making plasticizers, lubricants, detergents, and personal care products, may benefit from having novel and stable biocatalysts able to oxidize long-chain fatty alcohols.