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Enzymatic properties of β-N-acetylglucosaminidases

Zhang, Rui, Zhou, Junpei, Song, Zhifeng, Huang, Zunxi
Applied microbiology and biotechnology 2018 v.102 no.1 pp. 93-103
N-acetylglucosamine, bacteria, beta-N-acetylhexosaminidase, bioethanol, catalytic activity, cell walls, chitin, energy, gangliosides, glycosylation, industrial applications, metal ions, oligosaccharides, pH, pharmaceutical industry, proteins, substrate specificity, temperature, therapeutics, thermal stability
β-N-Acetylglucosaminidases (GlcNAcases) hydrolyse N-acetylglucosamine-containing oligosaccharides and proteins. These enzymes produce N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) and have a wide range of promising applications in the food, energy, and pharmaceutical industries, such as synergistic degradation of chitin with endo-chitinases and using GlcNAc to produce sialic acid, bioethanol, single-cell proteins, and pharmaceutical therapeutics. GlcNAcases also play an important role in the dynamic balance of cellular O-linked GlcNAc levels, catabolism of ganglioside storage in Tay–Sachs disease, and bacterial cell wall recycling and flagellar assembly. In view of these important biological functions and the wide range of industrial applications of GlcNAcases, this review aims to provide a better understanding of various advances for these enzymes. It focuses on enzymatic properties of GlcNAcases, including substrate specificity, catalytic activity, pH optimum, temperature optimum, thermostability, the effects of various metal ions and organic reagents, and transglycosylation.