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Emerging feed markets for ruminant production in urban and peri-urban areas of Northern Ghana

S. P. Konlan, A. A. Ayantunde, W. Addah, H. K. Dei, N. Karbo
Tropical animal health and production 2018 v.50 no.1 pp. 169-176
Ficus, Pterocarpus erinaceus, Rottboellia cochinchinensis, agroindustrial byproducts, bran, corn, cowpeas, crop residues, data collection, dry season, feed prices, feeds, grasses, livestock, markets, peanuts, questionnaires, rice, ruminants, wet season, Ghana
Feed shortage in urban and peri-urban areas has triggered the emergence of feed markets in Northern Ghana. These markets were surveyed at three locations (Tamale, Bolgatanga, and Wa markets) to determine types and prices of feedstuffs sold across seasons; early dry (November–January), late dry (February–April), early wet (May–July), and main wet (August–October). Semi–structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Three samples of each feed type in the markets were bought from three different sellers per market in each season. The samples were oven dried to constant weight and price/kg DM of each feed determined. The total respondents were 169. Out of this number, 41% were feed sellers, 46% buyers, and 13% retailers. The feedstuffs found were crop residues (groundnut haulm and cowpea haulm), agro-industrial by-products (bran of maize, rice, and sorghum), fresh grasses (Rotteboellia cochinchinensis), and local browses (Ficus sp. and Pterocarpus erinaceous). Prices of feeds differed (P < 0.05) among markets and were higher in Bolgatanga than Tamale and Wa markets. Prices of cereal bran were not different (P > 0.05) in all seasons but that of crop residues were higher (P < 05) in early to late dry season than the wet season. Majority (90%) of respondents opined that the feed market will expand due to increasing number of livestock population in the peri-urban areas.