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Adsorption and desorption for dynamics transport of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) in soil column

Zhang, Xiaowei, Tong, Juxiu, Hu, BillX., Wei, Wenshuo
Environmental science and pollution research international 2018 v.25 no.1 pp. 459-468
adsorption, chromium, desorption, heavy metals, hydrogen ions, leaching, liquids, models, pH, soil, vegetables
Batch experiments have been carried out to study the adsorption of heavy metals in soils, and the migration and transformation of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) in the soil of a vegetable base were studied by dynamic adsorption and desorption soil column experiments. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of initial concentration and pH value on the adsorption process of Cr(VI). Breakthrough curve were used to evaluate the capacity of Cr(VI) adsorption in soil columns. The results show that the higher the initial concentration, the worse the adsorption capacity of Cr(VI). The adsorption of Cr(VI) was strongly sensitive to pH value. The capacity of Cr(VI) adsorption is maximized at very low pH value. This may be due to changes in pH that cause a series of complex reactions in Cr(VI). In a strongly acidic environment, the reaction of Cr(VI) with hydrogen ions is accompanied by the formation of Cr³⁺, which reacts with the soil free iron-aluminum oxide to produce hydroxide in the soil. The results of the desorption experiments indicate that Cr(VI) is more likely to leach from this soil, but if the eluent is a strong acid solution, the leaching process will be slow and persistent. During the experiment, the pH value of the effluent was in the range of 7–8.5, which tends to the original pH value of the soil. It is indicating that the soil has a strong buffer on the acid liquid. The program CXTFIT was used to fit the breakthrough curve to estimate parameters. The results of the calculation of the dispersion coefficient (D) can be obtained by this program. The two-site model fit the breakthrough curve data of Cr(VI) well, and the parameters calculated by the CXTFIT can be used to explain the behavior of Cr(VI) migration and transformation in soil columns. When pH = 2, the retardation factor (R) reach at 79.71 while the value of the R is generally around 10 in other experiments. The partitioning coefficient β shows that more than half of the adsorption sites are instantaneous in this adsorption process and non-equilibrium affects the Cr(VI) transport process in this soil.