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Occurrence of organotins in the aquatic environment during an operating cycle of the Three Gorges Reservoir, China
- Gao, Jun-min, Chen, Xiao-ling, Sun, Xiu-qian, Zhang, Ke, Chen, You-peng, Guo, Jin-song, Shen, Yu
- Environmental science and pollution research international 2018 v.25 no.2 pp. 1731-1741
- aquatic environment, dibutyltin, hydrology, monobutyltin, particulates, pollution, tributyltin, China
- Organotins (OTs) pollution in the aquatic environment of the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) was assessed during the reservoir’s operating cycle. Butyltins (BTs) and phenyltins (PhTs) in the water phase and suspended particulate matter (SPM) at different water levels were analysed. It was found that the distribution of OTs in the surface and bottom water phases were similar, with the dominant OTs being BTs at the low water level and PhTs at the high water level. The detection rates and concentrations of OTs in the water phase at the high water level were both higher than those at the low water level, with most OTs being monobutyltin (MBT) at the low water level and monophenyltin (MPhT) at the high water level. The concentrations of OTs in SPM at the low water level were higher than those at the high water level, and BTs, especially dibutyltin (DBT) and tributyltin (TBT), were the predominant OTs whether surface or bottom layer at each water level. The BTs and SPM concentrations had a significant positive relationship in all samples, indicating that the SPM concentration would determine the distribution of BTs in the aquatic environment of the TGR region (TGRR). The difference in the distribution of OTs at the different water levels indicated that the hydrological and hydraulic behaviour of the TGR influences OTs transport in the aquatic environment of the TGRR.