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Foliar application with nano-silicon reduced cadmium accumulation in grains by inhibiting cadmium translocation in rice plants

Chen, Rui, Zhang, Changbo, Zhao, Yanling, Huang, Yongchun, Liu, Zhongqi
Environmental science and pollution research international 2018 v.25 no.3 pp. 2361-2368
Oryza sativa, agricultural land, bioaccumulation, cadmium, calcium, fertilizers, field experimentation, flowering, foliar application, inflorescences, ions, iron, magnesium, manganese, maturity stage, physiological transport, potassium, rice, roots, silicon, soil-plant interactions, zinc
Nano-silicon (Si) may be more effective than regular fertilizers in protecting plants from cadmium (Cd) stress. A field experiment was conducted to study the effects of nano-Si on Cd accumulation in grains and other organs of rice plants (Oryza sativa L. cv. Xiangzaoxian 45) grown in Cd-contaminated farmland. Foliar application with 5~25 mM nano-Si at anthesis stage reduced Cd concentrations in grains and rachises at maturity stage by 31.6~64.9 and 36.1~60.8%, respectively. Meanwhile, nano-Si application significantly increased concentrations of potassium (K), magnesium (Mg), and iron (Fe) in grains and rachises, but imposed little effect on concentrations of calcium (Ca), zinc (Zn), and manganese (Mn) in them. Uppermost nodes under panicles displayed much higher Cd concentration (4.50~5.53 mg kg⁻¹) than other aerial organs. After foliar application with nano-Si, translocation factors (TFs) of Cd ions from the uppermost nodes to rachises significantly declined, but TFs of K, Mg, and Fe from the uppermost nodes to rachises increased significantly. High dose of nano-Si (25 mM) was more effective than low dose of nano-Si in reducing TFs of Cd from roots to the uppermost nodes and from the uppermost nodes to rachises. These findings indicate that nano-Si supply reduces Cd accumulation in grains by inhibiting translocation of Cd and, meanwhile, promoting translocation of K, Mg, and Fe from the uppermost nodes to rachises in rice plants.