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In vivo assessment of polydatin, a natural polyphenol compound, on arsenic-induced free radical overproduction, gene expression, and genotoxicity

Arslan-Acaroz, Damla, Zemheri, Fahriye, Demirel, HasanHuseyin, Kucukkurt, Ismail, Ince, Sinan, Eryavuz, Abdullah
Environmental science and pollution research international 2018 v.25 no.3 pp. 2614-2622
DNA damage, antioxidant activity, antioxidants, arsenic, brain, catalase, dose response, drinking water, enzyme activity, erythrocytes, free radicals, gene expression, genotoxicity, glutathione, groundwater, heart, histopathology, humans, interleukin-1beta, kidneys, lipid peroxidation, liver, lungs, males, malondialdehyde, oxidative stress, polyphenols, protective effect, rats, superoxide dismutase, tissues, transcription factor NF-kappa B, tumor necrosis factor-alpha
Arsenic (As) is a well-known contaminant of global groundwater. Its exposure causes several hazardous effects on animals and human via oxidative stress. The present study examined the effect of polydatin (PD) on free radical overproduction in rats exposed to As. Thirty-five male rats randomly allocated into five equal groups. To the control group, physiological saline was given orally and to the second group only 100 mg/L As was given by drinking water for 60 days. The other groups were treated with As (100 mg/L) and PD orally at 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg/day, respectively. Treatment with As enhanced malondialdehyde level but decreased glutathione level in blood, liver, kidney, brain, lung, and heart of rats. Also, As decreased superoxide dismutase and catalase activities of erythrocyte, liver, kidney, brain, lung, and heart in rats. Furthermore, As treatment gave rise to increased DNA damage and gene expressions of interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β), nuclear factor kappa beta (NFκB), p53, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in the lung, brain, kidney, and liver. However, treatment of PD ameliorated As-exposed lipid peroxidation, antioxidant enzymes activities, DNA damage, gene expressions, and histopathological changes in tissues. In conclusion, PD has a dose-dependent protective effect on lipid peroxidation and antioxidant defense mechanism in rats against As exposure.