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Bioethanol Production from Soybean Residue via Separate Hydrolysis and Fermentation

Nguyen, TrungHau, Ra, ChaeHun, Sunwoo, InYung, Sukwong, Pailin, Jeong, Gwi-Taek, Kim, Sung-Koo
Applied biochemistry and biotechnology 2018 v.184 no.2 pp. 513-523
Saccharomyces cerevisiae, bioethanol, biomass, enzymatic hydrolysis, enzymes, ethanol, ethanol fermentation, ethanol production, fermenters, galactose, glucose, hydrolysates, hydrolysis, polysaccharides, saccharification, slurries, soybeans, sulfuric acid
Bioethanol was produced using polysaccharide from soybean residue as biomass by separate hydrolysis and fermentation (SHF). This study focused on pretreatment, enzyme saccharification, and fermentation. Pretreatment to obtain monosaccharide was carried out with 20% (w/v) soybean residue slurry and 270 mmol/L H₂SO₄ at 121 °C for 60 min. More monosaccharide was obtained from enzymatic hydrolysis with a 16 U/mL mixture of commercial enzymes C-Tec 2 and Viscozyme L at 45 °C for 48 h. Ethanol fermentation with 20% (w/v) soybean residue hydrolysate was performed using wild-type and Saccharomyces cerevisiae KCCM 1129 adapted to high concentrations of galactose, using a flask and 5-L fermenter. When the wild type of S. cerevisiae was used, an ethanol production of 20.8 g/L with an ethanol yield of 0.31 g/g consumed glucose was obtained. Ethanol productions of 33.9 and 31.6 g/L with ethanol yield of 0.49 g/g consumed glucose and 0.47 g/g consumed glucose were obtained in a flask and a 5-L fermenter, respectively, using S. cerevisiae adapted to a high concentration of galactose. Therefore, adapted S. cerevisiae to galactose could enhance the overall ethanol fermentation yields compared to the wild-type one.