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Development of lotus root fermented sugar syrup as a functional food supplement/condiment and evaluation of its physicochemical, nutritional and microbiological properties
- Shukla, Shruti, Park, Juyeon, Park, JungHyun, Lee, JongSuk, Kim, Myunghee
- Journal of food science and technology 2018 v.55 no.2 pp. 619-629
- Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Lotus, Nelumbo nucifera, Salmonella, Staphylococcus aureus, brix, brown sugar, coliform bacteria, color, condiments, dietary supplements, fermentation, fermented foods, functional foods, human health, hygiene, microbiological quality, pH, protein content, sugars, syrups, vegetables, East Asia
- Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) root has been used as an edible vegetable in East Asia for thousands of years. The present research was aimed to explore the physicochemical, nutritional and microbiological safety of lotus root fermented sugar syrup as a fermented food supplement or condiment for human health benefits. In this study, the physicochemical, nutritional and microbiological safety properties of lotus root syrup fermented with 57° Brix brown sugar at different time periods until 6 months (180 days) was investigated. There was a significant improvement as compared to 57° Brix brown sugar broth (as a control) in the total acceptability and physicochemical properties of lotus root sugar syrup samples such as pH and color improvement. The red color values of 180 days lotus root fermented sugar syrup samples were significantly enhanced (6.85 ± 0.58) when compared with the control (0.20 ± 0.15). In addition, the total protein content was increased from 8.27 ± 0.86 to 392.33 ± 7.19 μg/mL, along with the increase in fermentation time reaching to the level of consumption acceptability. All the lotus root fermented sugar syrup samples were subjected to microbiological analysis. It was found that the coliform, Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Salmonella and Staphylococcus aureus counts were not detected in majority of the samples, confirming the high degree of hygiene processing of lotus root fermented sugar syrup samples for its use as a food supplement or condiment.